Designing a Wine Cellar: A Simple Guideline

If you are a die hard wine lover, you’ve probably collected a lot of wine over the years. Eventually, your wine collection has outgrown the space you have to hold it! Whether you have a wine rack or wine cooler, eventually every die hard wine collector wants a wine cellar. But how in the world do you get one? Should you just put a wine rack in your basement? Do you construct your own? If you have it in your budget, designing a wine cellar is definitely worth it. So today we’ll be laying out the basics on designing a wine cellar.

The very first thing you have to do is decide where you want it. The ideal location should have good ventilation and climate control, and not get much sunlight. These parameters, obviously, usually lead to most people putting their wine cellar in the basement!

Once you have your location picked out, you will need to frame your wine cellar with normal 2×4 or 2×6 construction methods with ceiling joists. Make sure that you follow the state and local codes for the region you live in. Now you have to install a vapor barrier. Optimally, you want your 6mm plastic sheeting up on the ceiling and outside walls of the room. If you can’t get to your outside walls, however, then go ahead and wrap the ceiling and inside walls. Either way, the goal is to keep excess moisture out and maintain appropriate humidity levels.

Now’s the time for the insulation. When it comes to the insulation in your wine cellar, you want to use rigid foam or blown-in insulation or fiberglass. The outside walls and ceiling will need R-19 insulation, but the inside walls need R-13 insulation. Next, pick a material to put on the walls, such as groove wood paneling, green board, sheetrock, or tung. Many people choose green board because it is entirely designed to be resistant to moisture. If you are more into wood paneling, make sure that you get a wood that is resistant to rotting, such as cedar or red wood.

Next up, putting in the floor. Try to avoid carpet in your wine cellar, as it can get moldy very easily. Go with marble, vinyl, slate, or tile instead. Now you must put in your door, making sure that get a tight seal. To guarantee you get a good seal, you want use door made to be an exterior door and put weather-stripping along all four sides. You also want to make sure that you put down a sweep or threshold along the bottom of the door.

The last step in designing a wine cellar is choosing the right temperature and humidity regulator. For this, the easiest thing to do is look around on the Internet for the right device that matches your budget and the dimensions of your wine cellar. Designing a wine cellar is a lot of hard work, but you will enjoy it for years to come!