Basic Wine Making in a Few Easy-to-Read Steps
You can easily find directions for basic wine making online, but when you begin poring over all the pages the pop up during a search you can very easily get overwhelmed. To make things easier for you, here we will provide you simple, straightforward, basic wine making instructions.
The first thing you’ll need for basic wine making is your equipment. It’s a long list of stuff, but don’t be overwhelmed-there are many wine making kits available to you that have just about everything you need! There are certain factors that may change the cost, but a win making kit will cost usually you $80 – $200. Wine making kits also have very detailed instructions for making wine product, so that is another huge plus.
After you’ve got your kit together, whether purchased all together or piecemeal, you have figure out what sort of grape you are going to use to make the wine. Your kit can help you decide on this, or you can easily look around online and see what others are using. Once you have that figured out, make sure you wash your grapes and remove the stems. Next, extract the flavor by pressing and crushing the grapes. This will create what is called the “must,” or the extracted fruit.
The next step in basic wine making is primary fermentation, which takes 3-10 days. Once again, look to your kit for more detailed instructions. Essentially, you’ll be adding yeast, enzymes and sulfites at the appropriate time during this step. Make sure you follow the instructions to the letter so nothing goes wrong. After you have blended everything, cover the container you are using for fermentation with cheese cloth and use a rubber band it secure it.
After primary fermentation comes, you guessed it, secondary fermentation! For secondary fermentation, you will need a carboy, which is simply a fancy name for a glass jug. Strain the wine to get rid of the pulp and place it in the carboy. Once that is done, the wine has to ferment for several more weeks, during which you’ll have to “rack” the wine several times. Racking just means that you are using a small tube (which you’ll get in your kit, in all likelihood) to remove any sediments from the wine.
The last step in basic wine making is bottling. Bottling is not something you can just zoom through, however. It’s just as important a step as the rest and if you don’t pay attention and do it right, your wine will spoil. To bottle the wine, siphon it into bottles with the same plastic tube you racked the wine with. Once the bottles are full, cork them and stand them up for three days. Then store them sideways (like the movie!) at 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Age time depends on what type of wine you are making: reds need to age for 1 year and whites take 6 months.
The last step, of course, is drinking the wine you created!